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Tulip

Tulips are spring flowers, which means that their bulbs should be planted in autumn. This article takes you through the technique, to help make your garden look stunning with the addition of tulips.

Info of Tulip:
Type - Perenial.
Season - Spring.
Light - Partial full sun.
Bulb Depth - 6"/15cm.
Plant Spacing - 6-9"/15-25cm.
Plant Height - 15-18"/37-45cm.

When and where to plant:

Plant tulips any time the soil 6 inches deep is 60℉ or colder. As a general guide, plant in September or early October in USDA Climate Hardiness Zones 4 and 5; October to early November in zones 6 and 7; November to early December in zones 8 and 9; and late December to early January in zone 10.

In zones 8 through 10, refrigerate tulip bulbs for six to eight weeks before planting. Place them in a paper bag away from ripening fruits (the fruits produce ethylene gas, which destroys the flower bud within the bulb).

Tulips grow best in full sun in well-prepared soil with fast drainage. Avoid planting where water collects, or in locations that are prone to late frosts.

How to Plant:

Step 1: Choose plump and firm tulip bulbs. Do not plant a bulb that is soft or shriveled, as it may be rotten or dead inside.

Step 2: Prepare the site. Tulips grow in most soils but if the soil is very dry, plant the bulbs a day after it has rained. The ideal site should be sunny or lightly shaded. Remove any weeds or stones and use a fork or trowel to loosen and aerate the soil.

Step 3: Plant the tulip bulbs. Use a trowel to dig a hole large enough to fit all of the bulbs that you are planting. The depth of the hole should be twice the length of the bulb itself. You can also plant them in groups of 2 or 3 depending on what you want.Loosen the soil inside the hole to help the roots grow more easily.Bulbs must be planted with the tip pointing upwards.Position the bulbs in a random pattern 2 - 3 times their width apart.Bulbs can be planted together in one hole if you have an open, empty flower bed, or individual holes can be made using a dibber.

Step 4: Replace the soil. Using your hands, gently draw the soil across the bulbs, taking care not to move them. Press the soil down with your fingers.

Step 5: Water the bulbs only if really dry. Unless the ground is very dry, there is no need to water the bulbs. Newly planted bulbs may rot if the soil becomes sodden and waterlogged. There should be enough rain through the autumn and winter to provide your bulbs with enough moisture. By March or April in the northern hemisphere and September or October in the southern hemisphere, your bulbs should have transformed into beautiful spring tulips.

(Reference: wikiHow)

Rose Rugosa

With their far-reaching popularity, roses are the queens of flowers. In all around this world, there are thousands different kind of rose. Today we are talking about one single rose - Rose Rugosa. After buttercup, the roses are the second oldest variety of flowers on the planet. Biologists can trace roses back some 200 million years! Although there is a huge number of meanings and symbols associated with roses, the most common of course is love, which originated in Greek mythology. When Aphrodite cried about the death of her lover Adonis, she had red "Adonis Roses" grown with his blood, - thus red roses are the symbol of never-ending love. Important to mention are the roses' thorns, of which we all probably have some painful memory. Symbolically, love can be painful and full of suffering when not treated carefully.

Info of Rose:
Type - Perenial.
Season - Spring/Fall.
Light - Partial full sun.
Seed Depth - 4"/10cm.
Plant Spacing - 18"/50cm.
Plant Height - 18-25"/45-65cm.

When and where to plant:

There are actually 2 planting times for roses, fall and spring. If you dont plant in the fall, the best time to plant roses is early spring or late winter, if you live in a cold climate zone where temperatures drop below -10℉

The art of planting roses doesn't have to be a complicated thing to do. When you have the right knowledge there is no limit to how beautiful a garden or rosebush that you can create. Now you will have all of the beauty and delicious fragrance that roses can give you with you all the time.

How to Plant:

Step 1: Talk with your local gardening center or florist to find out which are the best type of roses to grow in your climate. If you are a novice, look for disease resistant types of roses because they need a lot less maintenance.

Step 2: Decide what package type you would like. Which packaging you choose is based on your garden needs. Roses come in three types of packaging: Plantable box, Packaged and Potted or Container

Step 3: Learn that when planting roses, pick a place that is well lit in the morning. You also want a spot that has sunlight for a minimum of 6 hours a day. Roses need a great deal of light to grow properly.

Step 4: Choose an area with well drained soil. Great soil has a PH level at about 5.5 to 7.0. Testing kits are inexpensive and available at any garden center.

Step 5: Carefully take out your rosebush from the container. Soak the roots in water for 8 to 10 hours. Remove any broken or injured roots or canes, and canes less than pencil-size in thickness.

Step 6: Prepare your rose bed by spading deep. Spading is simply digging a hole with a flat head shovel. For each plant, dig a hole approximately 14 to 20" wide and deep depending on the size. Add organic matter and mix well with the existing soil. Organic matter is usually in the form of manure, shredded leaves, or peat moss (shredded leaves are cheapest if you can collect and store them yourself). If not, your nearest nursery or farm will have the next best thing.

Step 7: Fill the bottom of the hole with a cone of soil to rest the roots on and position the bud union at about ground level. Position the rose on soil pyramid so the bud union (swelling at the stem base) is just above the ground level. In climates where the winter temperature falls below 0℉, it is best to position the rose 1" to 2" inches lower.

Step 8: Fill the hole half way with soil and water. Wait for the water to filter down and fill the hole with the remaining soil. This process ensures complete root coverage with no air pockets. Do not tramp down the soil. Poor circulation for your roses can cause fungal diseases. Using a larger hole also makes it easier for you to pull them up later and pot them if you'd like. After the water drains check to see if the bud union remains at the proper level. Fill the remainder of the hole with soil.

Step 9: Water your plants frequently for the first 3 to 4 weeks after planting your roses. Usually this is when the top 2 inches of soil is dry. To stay healthy your roses need a lot of hydration and food.

Step 10: Four weeks after planting, you should start soaking the bed every 2 weeks or so. Do this in the morning for the best results.

Step 11: Start to fertilize about 3 months after planting. Use 3-6 inches of mulch to control the moisture, temperature, and to stops weeds from popping up. Mulch also helps to lock in the vital nutrients your roses need in order to remain healthy. Read How to Grow Roses.

(Reference: wikiHow)

Azalea

Azaleas are flowering shrubs comprising two of the eight subgenera of the genus Rhododendron, Tsutsuji (evergreen) and Pentanthera (deciduous). Azaleas bloom in spring in the Northern hemisphere and in winter in the Southern hemisphere, their flowers often lasting several weeks. Shade tolerant, they prefer living near or under trees.

Info of Azalea:
Type - Perenial.
Season - Late Fall/Early Spring.
Light - Shadow Tolerant
Plant Depth - 5"/12cm.
Plant Spacing - 9"/25cm.
Plant Height - 18-21"/45-50cm.

When and where to plant:

Plant azaleas in the late fall or early spring. Azaleas can be planted outdoors or also grown indoors but are considered to be a high maintenance plant to grow. They are generally slow-growing and do best in well-drained acidic soil (4.5 - 6.0 pH). Fertilizer needs are low; some species need regular pruning.

How to Plant:

Step 1: Choose an ideal spot. Find a place in the garden or yard with some shade. There are deciduous azalea varieties that do well with full sun, but most of them need a bit of shade. According to the Azalea Society of America, azaleas bloom well when planted under shady trees.

Step 2: Prepare the soil. Azaleas prefer a slightly acidic soil, such as a pH 5.5 or pH 6. If a soil test reveals an alkaline soil, mix some fertilizer into the dirt before planting to balance it.

Step 3: Water the soil. Before planting azaleas, prepare a moist soil bed for the plants. Azaleas like wet soil at their roots.

Step 4: Place the azalea plant in the soil. Dig a hole in the dirt deep enough to cover the root and bottom of the plant. Dig a few inches wider than the ball of the root. Add soil into the hole around the plant. Spread the dirt around and under the azalea, and lightly pat the soil into place with fingertips. Mulch the area around azalea plants. Use pine bark, pine needles, sawdust or wood chips between the bushes. This will keep the soil moist and the temperature of the dirt even. Mulch will also help keep out weeds.

Step 5: Water the azalea plant. Water the plant and the soil slowly and thoroughly. Water again the day after planting. The plants must be watered at least once per week, unless they are in direct sunlight, in which case they must be watered more frequently.

Step 6: Prune azaleas when they bloom. Pruning azalea plants early will ensure good flower growth for the following year. Waiting too long may cut off the next round of blooming flowers. Use a pair of hand clippers to thin the azaleas. Cut long, stray shoots next to woody branches to retain the azalea's natural form.

Step 7: Fertilize the azalea if required. While improper fertilizing can cause the azalea to bloom at the wrong time if you do choose to fertilize your plants then pine needles is one of the best natural options.

Step 8: Choose only Azalea fertilizers. If you choose to use chemical fertilizers on your azaleas be certain to use only fertilizers specifically made for azaleas.

(Reference: wikiHow)


Note: This page is under construction, we are still adding different flowers process here, which are the suitable for Canadian climate.


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